Steam distillation of dried and crushed black peppercorns.
An almost water-white or pale greenish-grey mobile liquid with a fresh, dry-woody, warm-spicy smell, reminiscent of dried black pepper, elemi or cubeb.
Too much too often could stimulate the kidneys. A possible skin irritant.
Main chemical constituents:
Piperitone and dihydrocarvone – 4%
Beta-caryophyllene – 31%
Piperonol – 1%
Limonene, sabinene, pinenes, myrcene, camphene and thujene – 60%
terpinen-4-ol, linalool – 3%
Myristicen and safrole – 1%
Properties and indications:
Very stimulating, strengthens nerves and mind.
Tones skeletal muscles. Good sports oil, where excessive exertion occurs. Helpful with rheumatoid arthritis. Increases flow of saliva and stimulates the appetite. Quells vomiting and encourages peristalsis, so also restores tone to colon muscles. Said to be an antidote for fish and mushroom poisoning. Gets rid of excess fat and expels toxins. Reputedly aids formation of new blood cells.
Helpful with bruises.
Extensive use in spice preparation. Used in oriental and floral fragrances.